Chinese Funerary Burners: A Bibliography

Compiled by Terry Abraham <tabraham @ uidaho.edu>


Hell Banknote

Dzi dzat (paper offerings)

Blake, C. Fred. Burning Money: The Material Spirit of the Chinese Lifeworld. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 2011.

Blake, C. Fred. "Lampooning the Paper Money Custom in Contemporary China." Journal of Asian Studies 70(2011)449-469.

Cave, Roderick. Chinese Paper Offerings. Hong Kong; New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.

Cohen, Jocelyn. Chinese Ritual Papers. 2005. <http://www.jocelync.com/ritpap.html>.

Cohen, Jocelyn. The Spirit and Craft of Chinese Ritual Papers. San Francisco : the Artist, 1992.

Columbia University. Starr East Asian Library. Chinese Paper Gods. 2007. <http://www.columbia.edu/cu/lweb/digital/collections/eastasian/paper_gods/>

Dore, Henry. Researches into Chinese Superstitions. Translated by M. Kennelly. "Profusely illustrated." Shanghai: T'usewei Printing Press, 1914.

Guthrie, William B. "Dzi dzat." Encyclopedia Mythica. 1998. <http://www.pantheon.org/articles/d/dzi_dzat.html>.

Guthrie, William B. Video tour of Macao dzi dzat factory/warehouse. 1998. Copy in the Asian American Comparative Collection, University of Idaho.

Hou, Ching-Lang. Monnaies d'offrande et la notion de trésorerie dans la Religion Chinoise. Paris: Collège de France, 1975.

Laing, Ellen Johnston & Helen Hui-ling Liu. Up in Flames: The Ephemeral Art of Pasted-Paper Sculpture in Taiwan. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2004.

Oliver, Anthony. "Paper offerings for the dead." Eye Magazine, 58(Winter 2005). <http://eyemagazine.com/feature.php?id=126&fid=556>.

Schmoller, Tanya. "Chinese Paper Offerings (Images of Asia Series)." Asian Libraries, 7(November 1998):11.

Scott, Janet Lee. For Gods, Ghosts and Ancestors: The Chinese Tradition of Paper Offerings. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press; Seattle: University of Washington, 2007.

Scott, Janet Lee. "Traditional Values and Modern Meanings in the Paper Offering Industry of Hong Kong." In: Grant Evans & Maria Tam [eds.], Hong Kong: The Anthropology of a Chinese Metropolis. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press, 1997. pp.223-241.

Hell bank note. Wikipedia. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hell_Bank_Notes>.

"Joss" paper. Wikipedia. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joss_paper>.

"Joss" Paper. Yahoo! Groups. <http://groups.yahoo.com/group/josspaper/>.

Cemeteries

Abraham, Terry and Priscilla Wegars. "Respecting the Dead: Chinese Cemeteries and Burial Practices in the Interior Pacific Northwest." in Chung, Sue Fawn and Priscilla Wegars, eds., Chinese American Death Rituals: Respecting the Ancestors. Lanham, MD: AltaMira Press, 2005.

Baker, Cindy L., and Mary L. Maniery. Historical Summary of Chinese Cemeteries in Folsom, Sacramento County, California: Final Report. Sacramento: PAR Environmental Services, 1995.

Blake, C. Fred. "The Chinese of Valhalla: Adaptation and Identity in a Midwestern American Cemetery." Markers. 10(1993)53-59.

Book, Susan. "Ashes to Ashes ... Chinese Cemeteries in Butte County -- 1880." Diggins. 18(1974)3-10.

Brumley, Linda. "Turning History into People: The People on the Chinese Gravcestones in 19th Century Ballarat Cemeteries." In Histories of the Chinese in Australasia and the South Pacific, Paul Macgregor, editor, pp. 320-326. Melbourne: Museum of Chinese Australian History, 1995.

Brumley, Linda, Liu Bingquan and Zhao Xueru. Fading Links to China: Ballarat's Chinese Gravestones and Associated Records 1854-1955. http://www.chaf.lib.latrobe.edu.au/brumley/brumley.htm.

Cartier, Carolyn. "Preserving Bukit China: A Cultural Politics of Landscape Interpretation in Melaka’s Chinese Cemetery" in Elizabeth Sinn, ed., The Last Half Century of the Chinese Overseas, Hong Kong: University of Hong Kong Press, 1997. pp. 65-89

Chinese Historical Society of Southern California. 19th Century Chinese Memorial Shrine Preservation Project. 1998. <http://www.chssc.org/history/shrinefull.html>.

Chow, Chun-shing and Elizabeth Kenworthy Teather. "Chinese Graves and Gravemarkers in Hong Kong." Markers. 15(1998).

Chung, Sue Fawn, Fred P. Frampton, and Timothy W. Murphy. "Venerate These Bones: Chinese American Funerary and Burial Practices as Seen in Carlin, Elko County, Nevada." In Chung, Sue Fawn and Priscilla Wegars, eds., Chinese American Death Rituals: Respecting the Ancestors. Lanham, MD: AltaMira Press, 2005.

Chung, Sue Fawn, and Reiko Neizman. "Remembering Ancestors in Hawai'i." In Chung, Sue Fawn and Priscilla Wegars, eds., Chinese American Death Rituals: Respecting the Ancestors. Lanham, MD: AltaMira Press, 2005.

Freeman, James. "Singapore's Multicultural Cemetery and Its Chinese Section." Markers. 23(2006).

Gia, Gilbert. "What Happened to Bakersfield's Old Chinese Cemetery? 1870-1993." 2009. <http://www.gilbertgia.com/hist_articles/civRights/chinese_cemetery_aj_civ.pdf> (PDF)

Golden Dragon Museum. Chinese Memorials & Memories. Bendigo: 2001.

Guibord, Maurice. "The transformation of funerary landscape by the evolution of Chinese burials in Burnaby, BC." 2012. <http://wcilcos.library.ubc.ca/files/2011/12/S27_Guibord_paper.pdf> (PDF)

Hagaman, Wallace R. A Short History of the Chinese Cemetery at Nevada City, California. Nevada City: Cowboy Press, 1998 (2001).

Hunter, David. "The Archaeology of Chinese funerary practices in Colonial Victoria." October 2010. <http://www.huntergeophysics.com/Papers/The%20Archaeology%20of%20Chinese%20funerary%20practices%20in%20Colonial%20Victoria.pdf> (PDF)

Jack, R. Ian. "Chinese Cemeteries outside China." In Histories of the Chinese in Australasia and the South Pacific, Paul Macgregor, editor, pp. 299-306. Melbourne: Museum of Chinese Australian History, 1995.

Jones, Doris Yau-Chong. "Reading Chinese Gravestones." November 2001. <http://archive.amol.org.au/goldenthreads/downloads/gravestones.pdf> (PDF)

Kok, Hu Jin. Chinese Cemeteries in Australia. Vols. 1-11. Bendigo: Golden Dragon Museum, 2002-2005.

Knapp, Ronald G. "The Changing Landscape of the Chinese Cemetery." The China Geographer, No. 8 (Fall 1977):1-14.

Kraus-Friedberg, Chana. Transnational identity and mortuary material culture: The Chinese Plantation Cemetery in Pahala, Hawai'I. Historical Archaeology, 42:3 (2008)123-135.

Lai, David Chuenyan. "The Chinese Cemetery in Victoria." BC Studies, 75(1987):24-42.

Leatherman, Christopher. Chinese Mortuary Rituals In Deadwood, SD: An Archaeological Perspective. Thesis (M.A.) - University of South Dakota, 2007.

Lin Yee Chung Association. The Story of the Manoa Chinese Cemetery: With a Discussion of Ancestor Worship. Honolulu: Lin Yee Chung Association, 1988.

Maniery, Mary L. and Cindy L. Baker. National Register of Historic Places Registration Form. Chung Wah Cemetery, Folsom, California. Sacramento: PAR Environmental Services, Inc., 1995.

Martinez Historical Society. Cemetery Tour of Martinez. <http://www.martinezhistory.org/html/brick.html>.

Maxwell, Judy. "Chinese cemeteries and grave markers in B.C.: A research guide." British Columbia History, 40:4(2007)13-17.

Neizman, Reiko. "Chinese Cemeteries in Maui." In Asian American Folder 93:13, Lied Library Special Collections, University of Nevada, Las Vegas.

Nelson, Judy. "The Final Journey Home: Chinese Burial Practices in Spokane." In "The Chinese in the Frontier Northwest" (Special Issue), The Pacific Northwest Forum, 2nd series, 6:1(1993):70-76. Winter-Spring. <http://www.narhist.ewu.edu/pnf/articles/nelson.html>.

Old Cemeteries Society. Chinese Cemetery. <http://www.oldcem.bc.ca/cem_ch.htm>.

Owsley, Douglas, and others. "Osteology and Paleopathology of the Carlin Chinese Cemetery." Report, 1997. In Asian American Folder 93, Lied Library Special Collections, University of Nevada, Las Vegas.

Pasacreta, Laura J. White Tigers and Azure Dragons: Overseas Chinese Burial Practices in the Canadian and American West (1850s to 1910s). Thesis (M.A.) - Department of Archaeology - Simon Fraser University, 2005. <http://ir.lib.sfu.ca/retrieve/2784/etd2091.pdf> (PDF).

Rouse, Wendy L. "Archaeological Excavations at Virginiatown's Chinese Cemeteries." In Chung, Sue Fawn and Priscilla Wegars, eds., Chinese American Death Rituals: Respecting the Ancestors. Lanham, MD: AltaMira Press, 2005.

Rose, Chelsea, et al. Where’s Waldo? An Archaeological Inventory of the Historic Waldo Cemetery (35HS11-020) and Waldo Chinese Cemetery (35HS11-484), Josephine County, Oregon, by Chelsea Rose, Danielle Honse, Mark Tveskov, and Katie Johnson. Ashland, OR, Southern Oregon University Laboratory of Anthropology, [2013]. SOULA Research Report No. 2012.12.

Smits, Nicholas J. "Roots entwined: Archaeology of an urban Chinese American Cemetery." Historical Archaeology 42:3 (2008)111-122.

Teather, Elizabeth Kenworthy. "The case of the disorderly graves: Contemporary deathscapes in Guangzhou." Social & Cultural Geography. 2:2(June 2001):185 - 202.

Teather, Elizabeth Kenworthy. "High-Rise Homes for the Ancestors: Cremation in Hong Kong." The Geographical Review, 89(1999).

Teather, Elizabeth Kenworthy. "Themes from Complex Landscapes: Chinese Cemeteries and Columbaria in Urban Hong Kong." Australian Geographical Studies, 36:1(1998):21-[37].

ThakBong: Digitizing Taiwan's Tombstones for Teaching, Research and Documentation (2011).

Death Rituals

Ahern, Emily M. The Cult of the Dead in a Chinese Village. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1973.

Aijmer, Goran. Burial, Ancestors, and Geomancy among the Ma On Shan Hakka, New Territories of Hong Kong. Goteborg: IASSA, Goteborg University, 1993.

Brook, Timothy. "Funerary Ritual and the Building of Lineages in Late Imperial China." Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies. 49:2(December 1989)465-499.

Chace, Paul G. "On Dying American: Cantonese Rites for Death and Ghost-Spirits in an American City." In Chung, Sue Fawn and Priscilla Wegars, eds., Chinese American Death Rituals: Respecting the Ancestors. Lanham, MD: AltaMira Press, 2005.

Chen, Gang. Death Rituals in a Chinese Village: An Old Tradition in Contemporary Social Context." PhD diss., Ohio State University, 2000.

Chin, Frederick K. "Chinese Funeral Traditions." American Funeral Director. (October 1995)52, 54, 112, 114, 116, 118.

Chung, Sue Fawn and Priscilla Wegars, eds., Chinese American Death Rituals: Respecting the Ancestors. Lanham, MD: AltaMira Press, 2005. <http://www.altamirapress.com/Catalog/SingleBook.shtml?command=Search&db=^DB/CATALOG.db&eqSKUdatarq=0759107335>.

Crowder, Linda Sun. "The Chinese Mortuary Tradition in San Francisco Chinatown." In Chung, Sue Fawn and Priscilla Wegars, eds., Chinese American Death Rituals: Respecting the Ancestors. Lanham, MD: AltaMira Press, 2005.

Crowder, Linda Sun. Mortuary Practices and the Construction of Chinatown Identity. PhD diss., University of Hawai'i, Manoa, 2002.

Crowder, Linda Sun. "Mortuary Practices in San Francisco Chinatown." Chinese America: History and Perspectives 1999., ed. Marlon Hom and others, 33-46. San Francisco: Chinese Historical Society of America, 1999.

Eatwell, W. "On Chinese Burials." Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland. 1(1872)207-208.

Frink, Jane Trombley, Helen Woodruffe, and Julie Reese, eds. "Chinese Performed Memorial Rites at [Pendleton's] Olney Cemetery." Pioneer Trails. 16:2(Summer 1992)3-5.

Gerkman, Laurel. "Chinese Burial Practices." Curry County Echoes. 30:1(December 2001-March 2002)13-14.

Greenwood, Roberta S. "Old Rituals in New Lands: Bringing the Ancestors to America." In Chung, Sue Fawn and Priscilla Wegars, eds., Chinese American Death Rituals: Respecting the Ancestors. Lanham, MD: AltaMira Press, 2005.

Hill, Ann Maxwell. "Chinese Funerals and Chinese Ethnicity in Chiang Mai, Thailand." Ethnology, 31:4(October 1992)315-330.

Kennedy, Yvonne [Wang Yi-wen]. Celestial Real Estate. Berkeley: 2002. 24 min. video. Copy in the Asian American Comparative Collection, University of Idaho.

Ku Chieh-Kang. "Funeral Processions." In Chinese Civilization and Society: A Source Book. Patricia Buckley Ebrey, ed., 289-293. New York: Free Press, 1981.

Lai, T.C. To The Yellow Springs: The Chinese View of Death. Hong Kong: Joint Publishing, 1983.

Lee, Jessie Wong. Rites of Passage in Death and Dying in the Chinese American Culture. Master's thesis, California State University, Sacramento, 1975.

Li, Shuang, and Yongfang Li. "The Funeral and Chinese Culture." Journal of Popular Culture. 27:2(Fall 1993)113-121.

McBride, Marla. "Chinese Funerals." In Chinese Argonauts: An Anthology of the Chinese Contributions to the Historical Development of Santa Clara County. Gloria Sun Hom, ed. , 60-69. Los Altos, CA: Foothill Community College, 1971.

Minnick, Sylvia Sun. "Chinese Funeral Customs." Golden Notes: A publication of Sacramento County Historical Society. 27:3(Fall 1981)1-15.

Naquin, Susan. "Funerals in North China: Uniformity and Variation." In Death Ritual in Late Imperial and Modern China. James L. Watson and Evelyn S. Rawski, eds. , 37-70. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988.

Purnell, Nanette Napolean. "Oriental and Polynesian Cemetery Traditions in the Hawaiian Islands." In Ethnicity and the American Cemetery. Richard E. Meyer, ed., 193-239. Bowling Green, OH: Bowling Green University Popular Press, 1993.

Rawski, Evelyn S. "A Historian's Approach to Chinese Death Ritual." In Death Ritual in Late Imperial and Modern China. James L. Watson and Evelyn S. Rawski, eds. , 20-34. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988.

Rouse, Wendy L. "'What WE Didn't Understand': A History of Chinese Death Ritual in China and California." In Chung, Sue Fawn and Priscilla Wegars, eds., Chinese American Death Rituals: Respecting the Ancestors. Lanham, MD: AltaMira Press, 2005.

"The Second Exhumation and Return of the Remains of our Departed Friends to the Homeland (1876)." in Chinese American Voices. Judy Yung, Gordon H. Chang, Him Mark Lai, eds., 26-29. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2006.

Shan, Vivian Lim Tsui. "Specializing in Death: The Case of the Chinese in Singapore." Southeast Asian Journal of Social Sciences. 23:2(October 1995)63-88.

Sinn, Elizabeth. Power and Charity: The Early History of the Tung Wah Hospital, Hong Kong. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1989 (East Asian Historical Monographs). See also her Pacific Crossing: California Gold, Chinese Migration, and the Making of Hong Kong. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press, 2013.

Teather, Elizabeth Kenworthy. "Time out and Worlds Apart: Tradition and Modernity Meet in the Time-Space of the Gravesweeping Festivals of Hong Kong." Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography. 22 :2(July 2001)156-172.

Thompson, Stuart E. "Death, Food, and Fertility." In Death Ritual in Late Imperial and Modern China. James L. Watson and Evelyn S. Rawski, eds. , 71-108. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988.

Tong, Chee Kiong. Chinese Death Rituals in Singapore. London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2004.

Watson, James L. "Funeral Specialists in Cantonese Society: Pollution, Performance, and Social Hierarchy." In Death Ritual in Late Imperial and Modern China. James L. Watson and Evelyn S. Rawski, eds. , 109-134. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988.

Watson, James L. "Of Flesh and Bones: The Management of Death Pollution in Cantonese Society." In Death and the Regeneration of Life. Maurice Bloch and Jonathan Parry, eds., 155-186. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982.

Watson, James L. "The Structure of Chinese Funerary Rites: Elementary Forms, Ritual Sequence, and the Primacy of Performance." In Death Ritual in Late Imperial and Modern China. James L. Watson and Evelyn S. Rawski, eds., 3-19. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988.

Watson, James L. and Evelyn S. Rawski, eds. Death Ritual in Late Imperial and Modern China. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988.

Watson, Rubie S. "Remembering the Dead: Graves and Politics in Southeastern China." In Death Ritual in Late Imperial and Modern China. James L. Watson and Evelyn S. Rawski, eds., 203-227. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988.

Whyte, Martin K. "Death in the Peoples Republic of China." In Death Ritual in Late Imperial and Modern China. James L. Watson and Evelyn S. Rawski, eds., 289-316. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988.

Williams, Michael. "Departed friends." Journal of Chinese Australia. 2(October 2006). http://www.chaf.lib.latrobe.edu.au/jca/issue02/10Williams.html

Wolf, Arthur P. "Gods, Ghosts, and Ancestors." In Religion and Ritual in Chinese Society. Arthur P. Wolf, ed., 131-182. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1974.

Yee Ah Chong. "Chinese Burial Customs," a chapter in "The Chinese in Vacaville," interview by Ron Limbaugh, February 4 and 12, 1977, transcript, 51-54, Vacaville Museum, Vacaville, California.

Zhang, Juwen. Falling Seeds Take Root: Ritualizing Chinese American identity through funerals. PhD thesis. U of Pennsylvania, 2001.

 


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