Chapter 2 - Standards of Sustainability


The Chapter will start with basic information about sustainability standards. This will include defining sustainability; the difference between weak and strong sustainability; sustainable development vs. economic development; case studies of community participation; the ecological footprint; Odum’s emergy accounting; resilience (social, economical, political); externalities outside of the marketplace that still effect people and the environment (e.g. air pollution); capital; Local Agenda 21; and The Bellagio Principles.


  • Weak sustainability
  • Strong sustainability
  • Sustainable development
  • Economic growth
  • Ecological footprint
  • Ecological rucksack
  • Emergy accounting
  • Resilience (social, economic, political)
  • Environmental resilience
  • Externalities
  • Capital
  • Local Agenda 21
  • The Bellagio Principles
  • The Precautionary Principle
  • Biodiversity

Chapter Parts