Chapter 5 - Industrial Approaches to Sustainability


This Chapter of the course will analyze industrial approaches to sustainability. This will examine waste reduction for profitability; contamination controls; “cleaner, greener” methods of manufacturing; process reengineering; life-cycle assessment (LCA); input-output modeling; industrial ecology and eco-efficiency; materials flow analysis; case studies of process integration (e.g. energy co-generation); dematerialization; design for the environment (DfE); industrial recycling and waste trading; and sustainability in forestry, agriculture, and transportation.


  • Sustainability in industry
  • Contamination reduction
  • Clean production
  • Waste reduction
  • Reduced rejection
  • Process reengineering
  • Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)
  • Input-output model
  • Industrial ecology
  • Eco-efficiency
  • Industrial metabolism
  • Materials flow analysis
  • Industrial integration
  • Dematerialization
  • Design for the Environment (DfE)
  • Waste exchanges
  • Industrial recycling
  • Sustainability in transportation
  • Sustainable agriculture
  • Sustainable forestry

Chapter Parts